Empirical Evidence Suggest A Need For A Different ... 20130415).آ 15/4/2013 آ Empirical...
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Empirical Evidence Suggest A Need For
A Different Gravitational Theory
Benjamin Thomas Solomon
iSETI LLC
www.iseti.us
benjamin.t.solomon@iseti.us
1. 0 Benjamin T Solomon
• Discoveries • g=τc2 no mass in gravitational acceleration.
• Ni Field unifies gravity & electromagnetism.
• Spatial probability eliminates nonlocality.
• Unified shielding, transmission & invisibility.
• Numerous papers published, Physics Essays, SPESIF conferences.
• Published the 12year study: An Introduction to Gravity Modification.
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  2
2.1. Exotic matter cannot exist in Nature
• Exotic Matter cannot exists.
• Positive/Negative mass demonstrates perpetual motion machine.
• Bondi (1957) . . . “the positive body will attract the negative one while the negative body will repel the positive body . . . the pair to move off with uniform acceleration”.
positive
mass
negative
mass
Attraction
Repulsion
Direction of
Rotation +

Pivot
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  3
2.2. The baking bread model of the Universe is incorrect.
• Milky Way falsifies “Near the Edge” requirement.
Direction of expansion
Direction of expansion
Baking loaf model of the Universe
Direction of expansion
Direction of expansion
Earth
Galaxy
Galaxy
Galaxy
Galaxy
Gal axy
• Galaxies in Hubble Deep Field in any direction.
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  4
2.3. Tensile particles cannot exist in Nature
Compressive Particles • LorentzFitzgerald Transformation (LFT). • New fundamental discovery g=τc2.V = 0 V > 0
Inelastic Particles • No change with velocity. • Don’t exist in Nature. • Quantum theory
Tensile Particles • Elongates with velocity. Contradicts LFT. • 10500 variations in String Theories. • No falsifiable fundamental discoveries.
V = 0 V > 0
V = 0 V > 0
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  5
2.4. Spacetime cannot be a continuum , it is much more sophisticated
• Spacetime cannot be a continuum.
• 4 Particles A, B, C & D are at rest relative to each other.
• Particle E approaches ABCD.
• Distances SAD ≠ SAE even if D = E.
Particle A Particle B Relative Velocity, VAB = 0
Distance, SAB = s
Distance, SCD = s
Distance, SAC = s
Distance, SBD = sRelative
Velocity, VAC = 0
Relative Velocity, VBD = 0
Particle C
Relative Velocity, VCE = v
Relative Velocity VCD = 0 Particle D
Particle E
Relative Velocity, VDE = v
Distance, SCE = s√(1vCE 2/c2)
Relative Velocity, VCE > 0
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  6
2.5. Mass is a Proxy for Matter. Experimental Falsifiable?
• Mass is a measure of the amount of matter.
• It does not reveal which part of matter that causes the gravitational fields.
g=GM/r2
Or
g=G’.f(Q)/r2
where f(Q) = function of quark interaction
g=G’’.f(em)/r2
where f(em) = function of electromagnetic interactions that cause Ni Fields
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  7
2.6. The wave function is not consistent. Does not have Velocity.
• LorentzFitzgerald requires that the photon’s wave function be of zero thickness.
• Solution: • Photon’s disturbance of spacetime is
observed as the wave nature. • Therefore wave nature is not moving and
consistent with LorentzFitzgerald. • Like a garden rake moving under a carpet.
• Particles cause ripples in spacetime which we observe as its wave nature.
Particle Wave Nature
Photon Wave Nature
Velocity
< c
Velocity
= c
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  8
2.7. Particle probability is not Gaussian. VarGamma.
• The Spatial Probability Field provides the appearance of Non Locality.
• The photon is surrounded by a spatial probability field which is governed by the VarGamma probability distribution.
20.00%
0.00%
20.00%
40.00%
60.00%
80.00%
100.00%
120.00%
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
Photon Probabilities along the radius 4.000 meters from pinhole Absolute Intensity mNormal
VarGamma Distribution, tail is ≈ 25σ
Normal Distribution, tail is ≈ 3σ
Crosssection of Wave function interference patterns
Photon intensity reveals the underlying Spatial Probability Field
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  9
2.8. Spectrum Independent Photon Analytics. A Single Photon Theory.
• Shielding, Cloaking / Transmission & Invisibility unified.
• Spectrum independent photonics: • Properties are a function of ratio of
wavelength to geometry.
• I = Af(P) +B
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  10
2.9. Consistency between Γ(v) and Γ(a). Spacetime is Sophisticated.
• Nature requires that • when Va =Vv • than ta = tv
• There is a deeper consistency between Inertial & Non Inertia motion that physics now recognizes.
• This deeper consistency is due to the Ni Field.
• A test for theoretical versus natural gravitational fields.
Non Inertia Transformation:
Va = √(GM/r) = v
ta = t∞ Γ(a) = t∞ / √(1 – 2GM/rc 2)
LorentzFitzgerald Inertia Transformation:
Vv = v
tv = t0 Γ(v) = t0 / √(1 – v 2/c2)
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  11
2.10. Forces are not Transmitted by Virtual Particles.
• Ni Field explains what quantum theory cannot.
• Ni Fields explains: • Electromagnetic acceleration.
• Gravitational acceleration.
• Mechanical acceleration.
• Ni Fields uses a single common formula, g=τc2.
Electromagnetism
Gravity
Mechanical Forces
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  12
Spatial Probability Field
2.11. How are Probabilities Implemented in Nature?
• Kenos = layer of universe
• Spacetime = x,y,z,t kenos
• Subspace = x,y,z kenos
• Probability is a structure of subspace.
• Subspace & spacetime overlap & coexists in the same region.
• Therefore nonlocality.
Subspace Kenos
Spacetime Kenos
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  13
2.12 Photon Structure that is Consistent with Special Theory
• If photon thickness, δs ≈ 0, Special Theory is upheld but conservation of energy is not.
• Electric & Magnetic supervectors, that rotate out of phase through spacetime and subspace kenos.
• Supervectors ensure conservation of energy.
• The spacetime component of the supervectors disturb spacetime to produce the wave nature.
Probabilistic interaction with matter, electron shell capture
Wave interaction with matter, i.e. reflection, refraction, etc.
E
L
δs
E
S
δs
Spacetime Electric Field Oscillation
Direction of Propagation using Left Hand Rule
Subspace Electric Field Oscillation
Electric field, Eω
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  14
3.0 Applications for these New Results
• Gravity Wave detection • Gravity Wave Telescope
• Near Field Gravity probe
• Test for Subspace
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  15
3.1 Gravity Wave Telescope
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  16
Far Clock Near Clock
Incoming Gravity Wave
Near Time Dilation Measurement
Far Time Dilation Measurement
Distance & Time Interval alter Aperture Size
Directional Detection Capability
3.2 Near Field Gravity Probe
 APS April 15th 2013, Denver, CO  Benjamin T Solomon  iSETI LLC  17
Far Clock Near Clock
Absence or Presence of Test Mass
Near Time Dilation Measurement, τn
Far Time Dilation Measurement , τf
Distance, d
Directional Detection Capability
Field Strength, g = [( τf  τn ) / d] c
2
3.3 Test for Subspace
• Localization is 90 ⁰ phase shifted with the peaks & troughs of the
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